1420

Project idea database

Strengthening the Alpine Green infrastructure Network through greener linear infrastructures

Priority
Specific objective
3.2 Enhance the protection, the conservation and the ecological connectivity of Alpine Space ecosystems
Keywords
  • Climate change and biodiversity Governance, partnership Infrastructure Innovation capacity and awareness- raising Institutional cooperation and cooperation networks Knowledge and technology transfer Managing natural and man-made threats, risk management Regional planning and development Sustainable management of natural resources Transport and mobility Urban development
Country
IT
Date of submission
22 Oct 2018
Last update
08 Nov 2018
Main objectives
1. Foster trans-national cooperation on the development of the Alpine ecological network. 2. Develop strategies and tools to effectively reduce the fragmentation of ecological connectivity caused by infrastructures. 3. Contribute to the implementation of the European green infrastructure network. Green Infrastructure is defined as a strategically planned network of natural and semi-natural areas with other environmental features designed and managed to deliver a wide range of ecosystem services. This definition includes three important aspects: the idea of a network of areas, the component of planning and management, and the concept of ecosystem services. In this sense, GI integrates the notions of ecological connectivity, conservation and multi-functionality of ecosystems (Mubareka et al., 2013). The conservation and development of a GI is identified as one of the priorities in EU policies covering a broad range of sectors, like the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020, the roadmap to a Resource Efficient Europe, the Commission’s proposals for the Cohesion Fund and the European Regional Development Fund, the Common Agricultural Policy and the EU Forest Strategy. Crucial criteria to identify GI elements are the multi-functionality linked to the provision of a variety of ecosystem services, and the connectivity associated to the protection of ecological networks (Liquete et al., 2015). One of the main causes of fragmentation of GI and the loss of related ecosystem services is urban sprawl and the urban/rural movements associated with the expansion of the linear infrastructures (highways, railways, etc.), which have been increasing exponentially in the last decades. As a consequence of sprawl, urban ecological systems are characterized by fragmented green spaces isolated from the natural systems and the gap between urban and rural areas has increased. Several studies address the problems of the ecological connectivity of the Alpine Space. Based on these studies and especially on the outputs of ALPBIONET2030, this project intends to measure the permeability to animal species of the existing infrastructures in the Alps (main roads, highways, railways) and propose solutions to make them greener, namely to overcome the barriers and thus to reduce ecological fragmentation. Specific objectives • Measure the permeability of existing linear infrastructures to animal species • Implement pilot solutions on the ground to overcome selected barriers to animal movements in the infrastructure network (greening the infrastructures) • Draw lessons learned and share experience • Streamline greener infrastructures into public policies and infrastructures operations • Capacity building on greener infrastructures targeting policy makers and infrastructure authorities
Description of activities
1. Develop a tool to evaluate the level of habitat fragmentation caused by Alpine linear infrastructures through the following steps: a. analyse main Alpine infrastructures and their level of permeability for animals; b. model the presence of widely-dispersing species largely affected by the presence of infrastructures (e.g. hoofed mammals, large carnivores); c. identify critical areas where a high presence of long-distance moving animals combines with a low level of infrastructure permeability; d. consider the presence and dispersal of invasive alien specie that might benefit of new and/or improved corridors. 2. Set up a transnational framework to collect and share data on roadkills in the Alpine area (animal death in car collisions). 3. Find solutions to improve the permeability of Alpine infrastructures and make them greener, thus improving the alpine green infrastructure network. 4. Pilot interventions on the ground to increase the permeability of selected infrastructures; 5. Compile lessons learned and share experiences 6. Involve relevant stakeholders to produce guidelines for sustainable spatial planning, particularly regarding urban development and the construction or expansion of infrastructures, that should be included in regional policy. 7. Build the capacity of policy makers and infrastructure authorities to make infrastructures greener 8. Streamline greener infrastructures into policy making and infrastructure operations. 2. Set up a transnational framework to collect and share data on roadkills in the Alpine area (animal death in car collisions). 3. Find solutions to improve the permeability of Alpine infrastructures 4. Pilot interventions on the ground to increase the permeability of selected infrastructures; 5. Involve relevant stakeholders to produce guidelines for sustainable spatial planning, in particular regarding urban development and the construction or expansion of infrastructures, that should be included in regional policy.
Envisaged outcomes
1. A step forward in existing GIS-based tools for the implementation of the Alpine green infrastructure network. 2. A web-based platform for the collection and sharing of animal fatalities in car and train accidents. 3. Best practices for overcoming barriers in the existing infrastructure system 4. Guidelines and policy recommendations for sustainable spatial planning, especially regarding the development of the infrastructures network. 5. Commitments by infrastructure authorities to make infrastructures greener
Partners found
  • EURAC Research (Italy)
Partners wanted in the following countries
  • Austria
  • France
  • Germany
  • Italy
  • Liechtenstein
  • Slovenia
  • Switzerland
Partners wanted from the following institutions
  • Local public authority
  • Regional public authority
  • National public authority
  • Sectoral agency
  • Infrastructure and (public) service provider
  • Higher education and research
  • International organisation and other EU institutions
Comments on partners wanted

Contact details

Martina, Spada
Wildlife manager, Istituto Oikos