During the first partner meeting in Ljubljana in summer 2016, AlpES partners had selected eight ES of high relevance for the Alps. In the last months, we have mapped the spatial distribution of these ES at the municipal level for over 16.000 municipalities throughout the Alpine Space (AS). By means of a multiple-indicator approach, we have analysed the provision dynamics of each ES, looking, respectively, at the supply of each ES, the demand from society and the actual flow of its use. Through the analysis of ES supply, we have quantified the provision of a certain ES in an area, given the current land use and ecosystem condition. By studying flow, instead, we have evaluated the share of supplied ES that are actually consumed or used. With a close look at ES demand, finally, we have identified the need or desire of a certain ES coming from a certain area. Here is an excerpt from our maps illustrating the different stages of ES delivery:
Mapping the full spectrum of ES provision, allows, among others, to point out hotspots of ES provision and thereby frame areas of particular environmental value. The comparison of ES supply, flow and demand dynamics in different locations, also allows to outline ES budgets and evaluate the spatial congruence or mismatches between places where ES are provided (service providing areas or SPAs), places where they are consumed (service beneficiary areas or SBAs), and the space in between these two (service connecting areas or SCAs).
In the coming months we will look at these dynamics for the entire Alpine Space, and, where possible, in detail in our test regions. We look forward to sharing the results of our indicators on the AlpES webGIS in the course of 2018!