Located between Croatia, Austria, Italy and Hungary, the Slovenian Republic covers 20,273 km². In 2018, it had a population of 2.07 million. Its capital Ljubljana was granted the European Green Capital Award in 2016 for integrating the environment into its urban development. The country has a very high biodiversity, with forests covering 62% of the country's surface area in 2016.

The Slovenian economy in 2016 was mainly based on industry (27.6%), wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services (20.7%), as well as public administration, defence, education, health and social services (16.9%). Intra-EU trade accounts for 75% of Slovenia's exports and 71% of its imports come from EU Member States (including Germany 17%, Italy 13% and Austria 10%).

The Republic of Slovenia is a parliamentary republic. A former member of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, the country proclaimed its independence on 25 June 1991. After joining the EU on 1 May 2004, the country adopted the euro and joined the Schengen area in 2007.

Interesting facts about Slovenian apple, herb and walnut production

  • Slovenia is self-sufficient in apples. On average, it produces twice as much as it consumes. More than half of Slovenia's orchards are planted with apples.
  • The most common apple varieties in Slovenia are still Idared (23%), Golden delicious (15%), Gala (12%) and Jonagold (12%).
  • The areas planted with nuts have increased the most. Between 2012 and 2017, the area planted with walnut trees almost doubled.
  • Growing rapidly in recent years, grass production in Slovenia represented 75 hectares in 2015.


Sources of the article: europa.eu; Eurostat; World Bank; Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia - SURS; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Photo: Bled Lake in Julian Alps, Slovenia © Lukasz Miegoc