Alpine Smart Transport and Urbanism Strategies

State of art of alpine territorial dynamics for addressing low carbon mobility options

The objective is to investigate alpine territorial dynamics and legal backgrounds upon which ones ASTUS is built. Each project partner identifed and capitalized existing knowledge, data, experiences in/on Pilot sites and used this information to build a comparative, transnational typology of alpine territories. All project partners contributed as well as local stakeholders involved in the project. These results are needed for working on ASTUS CO2 minimizers and low CO2 scenarios.

The ASTUS transnational territorial typology (O.T1.1)

One of the main outputs of the ASTUS project is the ASTUS transnational territorial typology.  

This typology represents different alpine space regions with similar challenges, characteristics and trends in respect to low CO2 solutions covering transport and settlement, spatial planning, mobility practices and experiences. Studio iSPACE and CEREMA coordinated the preparatory work for this first result with the other 10 project partners.

Questionnaires were prepared to gather information about all 17 ASTUS pilot sites in five countries (Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Slovenia). Information, relevant for working on low CO2 solutions, includes main territorial features, mobility supply and demand, mobility and spatial planning background, strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT analysis), best practices and experiences to share as well as tools for mobility and spatial planning.

Using the results from the questionnaires and existing Alpine Space typologies, the partnership defined comparative indicators (tourism, quality of public transport). The analysis of this indicators led to the identification of eight different ASTUS region types:
metropolitan core areas, cities, towns, growing regions bordering on a metropolitan core area, stable rural regions (with functional centres), rural regions with declining development and touristic regions.

Each region type is described by its territorial, social, economic and transport characteristics against the background of low CO2 solutions. Moreover, "best practiced" low CO2 solutions are identified for each ASTUS territorial type. The ASTUS territorial typology is provided in a tabular form consisting of the general description of the region types and the specific characteristics of the corresponding pilot sites. This approach demonstrates the range of potential characteristics. The alignment with existing Alpine Space typologies allows for a better transferability of the ASTUS typology.

The filled table and a guideline for using the typology :

Methodology evaluating the global impacts of mobility in Alpine Space (D.T1.2.2)

The methodology integrates the social, environmental and economic consequences of public authorities’ decisions regarding mobility and proposes a prospective approach of low CO2 options for different alpine territorial context.

SWOT analysis regarding the implementation of low CO2 solutions (D.T1.2.1)

Evaluation of the prevailing situation focussing on the future development and implementation of low CO2 options in selected Pilot sites.

Roadmap of ASTUS pilot sites (D.T1.4.1)

Project workshops with local authorities at technical and political levels were conducted to present the questionnaire’s results and the SWOT analysis and to foster their support of local issues/challenges. During this phase, project partners and their pilote sites clarified how ASTUS can add a local value focusing on one specific project input to feed the transnational approach regarding potential low CO2 solutions and territorial dynamics. Each project partners produced one roadmap per pilot site, outlining the objectives they fixed within ASTUS project. Not all PS are dealing with the same low CO2 options, because their territory and needs are different.

Questionnaire completed with Pilot Site’s information (D.T1.1.1)

Completed by local stakeholders in pilot sites with support of project partners, these questionnaire provide information for each territorial sample (on territorial context, mobility issues, policy and governance) needed to implement the ASTUS territorial alpine space typology and for the following project steps.