The ASTUS transnational territorial typology (O.T1.1)
One of the main outputs of the ASTUS project is the ASTUS transnational territorial typology.
This typology represents different alpine space regions with similar challenges, characteristics and trends in respect to low CO2 solutions covering transport and settlement, spatial planning, mobility practices and experiences. Studio iSPACE and CEREMA coordinated the preparatory work for this first result with the other 10 project partners.
Questionnaires were prepared to gather information about all 17 ASTUS pilot sites in five countries (Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Slovenia). Information, relevant for working on low CO2 solutions, includes main territorial features, mobility supply and demand, mobility and spatial planning background, strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT analysis), best practices and experiences to share as well as tools for mobility and spatial planning.
Using the results from the questionnaires and existing Alpine Space typologies, the partnership defined comparative indicators (tourism, quality of public transport). The analysis of this indicators led to the identification of eight different ASTUS region types:
metropolitan core areas, cities, towns, growing regions bordering on a metropolitan core area, stable rural regions (with functional centres), rural regions with declining development and touristic regions.
Each region type is described by its territorial, social, economic and transport characteristics against the background of low CO2 solutions. Moreover, "best practiced" low CO2 solutions are identified for each ASTUS territorial type. The ASTUS territorial typology is provided in a tabular form consisting of the general description of the region types and the specific characteristics of the corresponding pilot sites. This approach demonstrates the range of potential characteristics. The alignment with existing Alpine Space typologies allows for a better transferability of the ASTUS typology.
The filled table and a guideline for using the typology :