Strategic tools towards a sustainable use of biomass for low carbon domestic heating

What's the problem?

In the Alpine Region (AR) there is a need to support a better use of local resources and an increase of energy self-sufficiency while reducing impacts on climate and the environment. Biomass is a local and affordable RES and its combustion avoids fossil CO2 atmospheric emissions. For these reasons biomass use is strategic in the AR. Nevertheless, Biomass Burning (BB) leads to consistent particulate matter (PM) emissions, often unknown to population and local administrators. Actually, PM has an impact on natural ecosystems, on human health but even on climate change considering Black Carbon concentrations contained in PM emitted from BB.

Where is the solution?

The main project objective is the development of harmonized low carbon policies related to a sustainable use of biomass for domestic heating production in the Alpine Region. This aim will be reached starting from the state of the art of the very different regulations linked to small scale biomass appliances actually in force in the Countries of the Alpine Region and the development of innovative technological, economical and informative tools that will be used by citizens and policy makers to mitigate the impact of a local widespread energy source (biomass) on air quality, human health and on climate change. 

And what is our goal?

The project will drive a change in the Alpine Region in terms of:
  • an increase of energy efficiency
  • energy saving and PM emissions abatement thanks to a sustainable domestic BB
  • the creation of free energy consultant services for citizens at municipal level in pilot areas
  • the development of policy-relevant documents for advisory boards of political parties containing harmonized policies related to domestic BB in the Alpine Region (including a regulative proposal)
  • the reduction of CO2 emissions starting from baseline scenarios of specific pilot areas.