Strategic tools towards a sustainable use of biomass for low carbon domestic heating


WP "Policy and harmonization" aims at the development of low carbon policies for the Alpine Region focused on a sustainable use of biomass to mitigate BB impact on climate change and air quality. Starting from the knowledge building (WPT1) and awareness raising activities (WPT2) will be strategic for the effective implementation of new harmonized policies. WPT3 and WPT4 aim to create the technological, economic and social tools that will support the harmonized policies for the Alpine Region.


D.T5.1.1 - List of participants of the expert panel that will take part to the crowdsourcing challenges

The aim of the WP 5 is the development of low carbon policies for the Alpine Region focused on a sustainable use of biomass to mitigate Biomass Burning impact on climate change and air quality. Together with users, chambers of crafts, NGOs and government representatives we will search for policy solutions for cleaner BB, model different possible regulative scenarios and summarize the pros and cons of the considered scenarios at the workshops and round-tables. The purpose of this document is to identify experts belonging to both private and public sectors from various regions and countries and invite them to take part in project`s online challenges. Interested citizens will also be hosted by the platform to share ideas.


D.T5.1.2 - Draft of the policy framework

The policy framework on the use of biomass is set by the 2009 Renewable Energy Directive, establishing a mandatory 20% share of renewable energy sources in the EU final energy mix by 2020. The Directive, which lists biomass as a renewable energy source, aims inter alia to achieve greater mobilisation of existing timber reserves. It mandates Member States to draft national renewable energy action plans and sets conversion efficiency thresholds above which Member States may promote bioenergy technologies. The aim of this comprehensive policy framework is to cluster and structure the approaches.


D.T5.1.3 - Report on the discussions emerged about the challenges related to clean BB launched on the crowdsourcing platform

“How can we promote the exchange of experts to discuss policies and cleaner technologies and a sustainable use of chimneys, oven and other private household wood based heating systems?” This question is asked by policy makers throughout the entire Alpine Region. There exists no transnational virtual option to exchange across countries on the efficiency of regulations and financial support instruments and new technologies in the context of clean biomass burning.  Therefore we have defined three topics and set up virtual discussion rooms (VDR). These discussion rooms were set up based on our open innovation platform combined with the collaboration tool The idea is that these technology and platform can be used in the future to exchange and discuss on policy development and new technologies. In the framework of the project is used in two work packages in the context of this BB-Clean project, WP2 and WP5. Here we report the results of the first VDR based crowdsourcing expert exchange.


D.T5.1.4 - List of proposed policy solutions emerged from the participated search

The purpose of this list is to collect potentially effective policy solutions. EU policies aiming to decrease the emissions from residential heating are the new eco-design scheme for solid fuel boilers (Commission Regulation (EU) 2015/1189) and local space heaters (Commission Regulation (EU) 2015/1185). Other legislative acts such as the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (Directive 2010/31/EU), the Energy Efficiency Directive (Directive 2012/27/EU) or the Energy Labelling Regulation (Regulation (EU) 2017/1369) contribute to reducing the emission of atmospheric pollutants by decreasing primary and final energy consumption. 


On the basis of the proposed policy solutions emerged in Deliverable D.T5.1.4, a selection of policies that resulted from both direct interviews and virtual discussion rooms with experts coming from all the Countries involved in the BB-CLEAN Project was made. The selection performed by the BB-CLEAN partnership aimed at comprising modelling scenarios not only related to the implementation of technological innovation with respect to the state of the art but even related to economic incentives (that could foster the implementation of heat storage systems, a natural gas or a district heating grid when feasible), informative tools (i.e. the actual use of the BB-CLEAN WEB APP developed in the framework of WPT3 by a realistic percentage of population) or awareness raising campaigns to foster a correct combustion in small scale appliances as well as the use of a higher quality fuel.


D.T5.2.2 -  A report with the portfolio of different solutions emerged from the modelling simulations

On the basis of a selection of policy solutions emerged in D.T5.1.4 and translated into the modelling scenarios listed in D.T5.2.1 (List of regulative, technological, economic and informative scenarios of policies for the modelling simulations), the present deliverable aims at highlighting the results of all simulations on different case studies. In particular, the results here presented will concern the environmental benefits (mainly in terms of PM emissions and concentrations reduction) due to the implementation of the different selected policies with respect to the state of the art over the three following territorial domains in the Alpine Region: Storo domain, Province of Trento (IT); Vezza d’Oglio domain, Province of Brescia (IT); Saint Marcel domain, Aosta Valley (IT).


D.T5.2.3 - Roadmap for implementation of transnational BB policy observatory

One of the tasks of the BB-Clean project is the establishment of the Transnational BB policy observatory (O.T5.3) and creation of the Roadmap for implementation of International BB observatory (D.T5.2.3). The aim of establishing International BB observatory in the frame of the BB-Clean project is to control the transposing and implementation of Eco-design regulations for solid fuel boilers (2015/1189/EU) and local space heaters (2015/1185/EU) in Alpine Space countries. This document proposes practical steps for the establishment and the implementation of Transnational BB policy observatory, based on the analysis of existing policy observatories and analysis of efficiency of EU`s actions on Eco-design.


D.T5.3.1 - A report containing the feedbacks of the policy solutions suggested through round tables at different levels

This deliverable includes the results of the discussions emerged from the round table that was organised at transnational level. The roundtable was related to the application of the selected policies in the Alpine Region, underlying their potential realistic implementation. After the roundtable the project partners participated an internal online workshop where we summarized and discussed the collected feedback.


D.T5.3.2 - Workshops with policy makers

The best solutions of low carbon policies emerged from the round tables were presented to policy makers in Italy, France and Slovenia to foster the implementation of the best harmonized policies at transnational level. This deliverable is a report of all three events.


D.T5.3.3 - Guidelines for a harmonizedregulation of BB in the Alpine Region

The development of low carbon policies for the Alpine Region focused on a sustainable use of biomass to mitigate Biomass Burning impact on climate change and air quality was developed together with experts, policy makers, users, chambers of crafts, NGOs and government representatives. We searched for policy solutions for cleaner BB, modelled different possible regulative scenarios and summarized the pros and cons of the considered scenarios at the workshops and round-tables. A book of guidelines is containing shared regulations for biomass cobustion for domestic heating production in the Alpine Region and will be the framework for the development of transnational policies.