Carbon Smart Communities

WP 1 CaSCo Tools

European Smart Places Network

The Smart Places Network is based on the wikipedia principle. Virtual actions and information are connected to real places and can be retrieved from them. The retrieval of information at one location connects you with the entire network so that you can then retrieve all informa-tion or you can already choose the next Smart Place, the next actions or the next Öco-Geo-Cach that interests you.

Find information on the Smart Places Network here (pdf)


Forest and timber in the Alpine Space: An overview on frame conditions for strengthening the use of regional low carbon timber

The purpose of this publication is to give a comparable overview of the forest and timber sector in different Alpine regions, represented by the CaSCo project partners. It serves to strengthen a mutual understanding and knowledge about the Alpine forest and timber sector and thereby helps to identify the strenghs and weeknesses within the timber value chains.

Forest and Timber in the Alpine Space.pdf

Low Carbon Timber toolkit: Environmental product label - A comparison

The publication enables planners and architects  to better assess various aspects of sustainability of products and construction materials at an early stage of the planning process. Thus it sets the course for more sustainable buildings.

Environmental product label - A comparison



Low Carbon Timber toolkit: Sustainable building certification schemes - A comparison

The document presents a comparison of selected relevant and known building assessment systems. Thereby the following key questions have been evaluated or answered, which are of importance to planners and building owners in the context of the construction process:

• What contribution do ecological aspects of sustainability have in the overall building assessment?
• To which extent are (global) flows of goods recorded and evaluated?
• To which extent does the material (e.g., renewable resources) play a role in the assessment?
• What costs are associated with certification and for whom?
• What is the scope of the certification systems?

Sustainable building certification schemes - A comparison

WP 2 Policy development

Low Carbon Timber Policies in Europe

This report aims to make a link between low carbon policies and wood policies at European, national and regional level. The European Union developed the concept of Green Public Procurement (GPP) to support the use of environmental products and services in public procurement. How do public authorities use GPP? Which are the possibilities to improve GPP at municipal level? How can public authorities use GPP criteria to get low timber products? This document will try to answer these questions.

Low Carbon Timber  Policies in Europe

Policy recommendations for a more favourable development of low carbon timber across Europe

Timber products are imported from all corners of the world, making wood’s carbon stocking properties inefficient for climate change mitigation. The emissions related to transportation can account for up to 5 times of a given timber product’s share of carbon emitted. Creating a short circuit for timber products within the Alpine Space not only contributes to carbon emissions reduction, but also protection of biodiversity and responsible resource use. This report aims to make a link between low carbon policies and timber policies at European, national and regional level.

Policy recommendations for development of low carbon timber

Brochure "Climate protection & the procurement of timber from short supply chains"

'Think globally, act locally' is one of the fundamental principles of climate protection. In the area of procurement there are also some possibilities to stay true to that principle of locality. For instance, those who buy wooden products of short distances which derive from sustainable managed forests avoid overfelling and high emissions. It always depends on the "grey energy" of the production chain and the length of the transport routes as they influence the ecological footprint of a product. Realizing the coherence between the procurement of timber and climate protection thus is of big importance.

The brochure states 7 steps which explain the public procurement procedure of timber from short supply chains and serve as a guideline for architects, planners and public procurement staff.

More details on the single steps are given in the document "Contracts Incorporating Low Carbon Timber" (see below).

Brochure Climate protection & the procurement of timber from short supply chains

Broschüre Grüne öffentliche Beschaffung von Holz der kurzen Wege

CaSCo guide: "Contracts Incorporating Low Carbon Timber"

The guide "Contracts Incorporating Low Carbon Timber" aims to support local authorities to include wood from short supply chains into their public tenders. The document explains every stage of the process and offers:

  • Recommendations regarding main challenges to include carbon from short supply chains at each stage of the  renovation or construction project
  • Tips for writing your documents and tenders
  • Explainations how to use of the CaSCo's toolkit at various stages

Contracts Incorporating Low Carbon Timber - Recommendations and Key Stages

WP3 Capacity building and Empowerment

Organisation and conduction of trainings for the implementation of the low carbon timber capacity building

This report describes and summarizes the experiences in the organisation and conduction of trainings for the implementation of the low carbon timber capacity building. Main objective is the acquisition of the necessary skills and tools for the promotion and implementation of low carbon timber short value chains in regional contexts. Relevant decision makers, representatives of local communities, relevant associations and external experts have been also involved in the trainings. Analysis of case studies and site visits were carried out, with moments of discussion and sharing of ideas between participants and trainers.

Organisation and conduction of trainings

Low Carbon Timbercapacity building - Upscaling

This document describes the strategy and actions planned by the project partners for the exploitation and integration of the CaSco training results in the existing educational and vocational training framework, at European, national and regional level.The plan is developed considering the analysis of the training experience implemented in the CaSCo project and the analysis of the existing educational and training initiatives for wood and timber sector in different countries and regions participating.

Low Carbon Timber Capacity - Upscaling

WP4 Piloting

Cluster study reports of 9 Alpine regions and Alpine-wide synthesis

The cluster study reports aim to give a general overview on the wood clusters in different Alpine Space regions. The reports are available in the respective language for the region of Vorarlberg (Austria), Joglland (Austria), Valsesia (Italy), Piedmont (Italy), Auvergne-Rhone Alpes (France), Southern Germany, Gorenjska and national perspective (Slovenia), Podravje (Slovenia) and Pomurje (Slovenia). They also include an English summary.

Those reports identify some detectable gaps in the value-added chain of wood and propose approaches for solutions. Furthermore they illustrate the diversity of the frame conditions and thereby contribute to improving the regional value-added chains.

The report “Wood clusters in the Alps: an overview on selected regions” presents a synthesis of all regional cluster study reports and their summaries in English language. It presents in a condensed way the regional situations and particularly focuses on the existing challenges. The report wants to show the diversity of the frame conditions in order to contribute to improving the regional value added chains and to thereby make an important contribution to the reduction of CO2 emissions.

Wood clusters in the Alps: an overview on selected regions

Cluster study reports of...

Online presentation of the SME network and low carbon timber supply sources

SMEs which are able to deliver approved or certified low carbon timber are presented online on the “Timber.Wiki” platform. The online presentation serves purchasers of local timber as well as SMEs who benefit from this presentation. At the end of the CaSCo project, SMEs in Germany, Austria and Italy were shown in the map.

SME network and low carbon timber supply sources

Best practice collection

Many public and private actors are trying in different ways to realise short distance wood in various applications. Without instruments such as those provided in the 'Low Carbon Timber toolkit', however, the targeted control of material flows is difficult or even impossible. Nevertheless, such examples show that it is possible to realize different structures with wood from regional sources. The following overview presents such examples from the different countries by describing the process and characterising the building. The examples can be a source of inspiration for followers.  

Locations with objects made of local wood

Increasing the public usage of local wood - A collection of approaches from selected Alpine regions

Constructing with wood contributes to climate protection. This applies even more when the wood is transported over short distances along the production chain from the forest to the building or other object. From France to Slovenia the CaSCo partners used the instruments and policy advice documents developed in the project to implement pilot actions that help to increase the public usage of local wood. The focus was in particular on enabling public authorities to actively choose low carbon timber products. Relevant stakeholders were involved in the piloting activities.
The showcases described in this publication are meant to inspire and motivate other actors to get active in a similar way. They make the project results in terms of implementation activities known in the project regions and beyond and support transferability of experiences to other regions. The publication is addressed in particular to public authorities, sectoral agencies, timber companies, planners as well as professional organisations of the timber-producing branch.

Increasing the public usage of local wood - A collection of approaches from selected Alpine regions (english version)

Increasing the public usage of local wood - A collection of approaches from selected Alpine regions (version with descriptions of pilot activities in original language)

Low Carbon Timber Alliance

11 partners from 5 Alpine regions created in the framework of CaSCo project a long-term Low Carbon Timber (LCT) Alliance. The aim of Alliance is to promote Low Carbon Timber as an important tool for environmentally friendly communities and succesful local economies in timber rich regions.

The content of the the LCT Alliance document can be seen here.

Public and private stakeholders from all European countries are welcomed to sign it and join to the joint promotion.

Contacts for more information about Alliance and how to join it:

 BSC Kranj, Regional Development Agency of Gorenjska region

Contact person: Helena Cvenkel



Holz von Hier (Germany)

Contact person: Gabriele Bruckner & Philipp Strohmeier