e-Mobility Smart Grid For Passengers and Last Mile Freight Transport in the Alpine Space

First Italian Living Lab, 29.05.2020

The first Italian Regional Living Lab was organized by the Italian partners of e-SMART project, RSE-LP of the Project, Piedmont Region (PP2), Veneto Strade (PP3) and TSCAI (PP4). The meeting was held on May 29th, 2020 via the meeting platform webex. Almost eighty stakeholders, among public administrations, public transport agencies, energy providers, logistic operators registered for the meeting and attended the event. One Italian Ministry and four Regional Local Authorities (Valle d’Aosta Region, Liguria Region, Lombardy Region and Friuli Venezia Giulia Region) showed their interest in being involved in the Regional Living Lab.

The first part of the meeting, which lasted less than an hour, focused on the presentation of the project. The Lead Partner introduces the project, the main challenges and explains the main objectives and outputs of the projects. Regional Living Lab, stakeholder’s involvement within the project and mapping activities were presented to the audience by the speakers, namely the LP-Rse Spa and Regional Living Lab coordinator-Piedmont Region

During the second part of the event, focused on questions from the public, participants interacted actively by asking a few questions mainly on the following topics: area of ​​interest of the project, type of transport concerned, smart working and e-mobility issues, definition of public transport within the project, role of the actors involved.

The speakers stressed the importance of stakeholder’s involvement in order to allow the project to provide useful tool and solutions for e-mobility.

Participants were satisfied with the meeting and interested in the project and its future developments. Presentations of the speakers and thanks to all the participants were sent over the following days.

For more information please contact Milena Orso Giacone.


Second Italian Living Lab, 12.02.2021

The second Italian Regional Living Lab was organized by the Italian partners of e-SMART project, RSE-LP of the Project, Piedmont Region (PP2), Veneto Strade (PP3) and TSCAI (PP4). The meeting was held on February 12th, 2021 virtually. A number of selcted stakeholders, chosen from those who filled in the project survey, were invited to join the meeting. Twenty-seven stakeholders, among them public administrations, public transport agencies, energy providers, and logistic operators attended the event.

The first part of the meeting, which lasted less than an hour, focused on the presentation of the questionnaire results with particular reference to Italian answers.
The presentation was organised in two parts, each animated with a poll and a round table.
In the first part, LPT aspects were discussed. The poll asked the following: what were the obstacles to the development of TPL company policies for the transition to electric mobility (the prevailing aspect was the current cost of electric vehicles), the most suitable aspects to favour the development of TPL e-mobility (the knowledge of the tools for accessing EU funding and the promotion of cooperation between subjects operating in LPT and service companies to favour economies of scale were the prevailing aspects), the most suitable method of charging and managing vehicle fleet to maintain a high level of service (the possibility of having a sufficient number of vehicles to ensure rotation on the lines and the presence of charging points at the terminals emerged as prevalent).
The second part focused on ICT. The poll asked for an opinion on the most suitable ICT tools to facilitate the development of e-mobility. The need for a DSS to support public and private subjects in the choice of charging point based on geographic data was mainly mentioned.
Participants highlighted a number of issues related to the implementation of charging infrastructures, especially in built-up areas, which often come up against very concrete problems that prevent their implementation, such as the presence of underground utilities, the landscape/urban constraints and the lack of knowledge of energy distribution points in cities.

Third Italian Living Lab, 30.04.2021

The third Italian Regional Living Lab was organized by the Italian partners of e-SMART project, RSE-LP of the Project, Piedmont Region (PP2), Veneto Strade (PP3) and TSCAI (PP4). The meeting was held on April 30th, 2021 via the zoom platform. About ten stakeholders, among them public administrations, public transport agencies, energy providers, and logistic operators attended the event.

The first part of the meeting focused on the presentation of some analyses aimed at identifying the roles of the different actors in the Alpine Space countries, with reference to e-LPT and e-LML and on the recognition/comparison of the European e-mobility legislation. The lessons learned from the surveys proposed to the project stakeholders (SHs) were then presented and the key features of the digital tool that e-SMART will implement were explained. Finally, the needs/gaps indicated by SHs and project partners as important to fill in order to accelerate the Italian transition to e-mobility in the LPT/LML were shown.

In the second part of the meeting all participants were made active with a pool of 10 questions, aimed at ranking the needs/gaps emerged, i.e. identifying those considered with higher priority. In general, for both LPT and LML, the participants highlighted a strong need for: an adequate network of electric charging stations (ECSs), a digital platform to share the information necessary for construction and operation of charging infrastructures (energy distribution network, underground service network, open worksites, Wi-Fi network, ...), a PA with a clear strategy and able to support the transition to electric mobility (guidelines, legislative support, development opportunities, ...), technical standards for charging infrastructures, a greater knowledge of the available technologies for EVs and ECSs, the simplification of bureaucratic practices, a greater cooperation among LPT companies to exploit economies of scale, a greater sharing of knowledge on e-LML.

Speakers were satisfied with the meeting, participants were interested in the poll. The results of the meeting will constitute the first step in the definition of the Italian Operational Road Map. Presentations of the speakers, poll results and thanks were sent to all the participants over the following days.

First French Living Lab, 18.06.2020

The living lab workshop was organized by  Pôle Véhicule du Futur and Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes Energy Environment Agency on June, 18th. Because of sanitary restrictions, it was an online meeting, which lasted 2 ½ hours in the morning. All the main regional stakeholders were invited to participate and 46 people got registered. At the end 23 people attended the webinar.

During the first part of the webinar, e-SMART project was presented by PVF and AURA-EE, then then national DSO Enedis made a general presentation on e-mobility and related grid issues. The participants also add the opportunity to present themselves and to mention their expectations from the living lab.

During the second half of the meeting, a collaborative brainstorming was organized, thanks to Klaxoon web tool. Participants were asked to make some proposals, through post-it notes, concerning two issues:

  • How would they dream e-mobility for public transport and last kilometer freight?
  • What are their best practices, their needs and the obstacles to avoid ?

All in all, more than 150 proposals were collected and organized according to different topics.

On the first question, people made some proposals according to the following items: fast charging, communication, digital solutions, storage and flexibility with the grid, regulation and subsidies, interoperability, environmental and economical costs, autonomous vehicles.

On the second issue, several existing good practices were listed and the main needs which were expressed were related to: regulation, training, technology, financing. The main hurdle which was identified was to keep attention to the whole impact, and not to foster e-mobility without trying to reduce also transports and energy consumptions, as a whole.

As a conclusion this workshop was an interesting first step to start mobilizing stakeholders on e-SMART issue. Some minutes were sent to all the registered people, as well as a short additional e-form. These stakeholders will keep being informed and associated to the upcoming activities of e-SMART living lab.

For more information please contact Noémie Poize.

Second French Living Lab, 25.11.2020

Within the framework of the European project e-SMART AURA-EE, Pôle Véhicule du Futur and CARA (competitiveness cluster in AURA region) organized a workshop to allow actors of urban logistic to share their difficulties towards the development of electric mobility. This event was also supported by the regional institutions in relation with the regional roadmap on e-mobility which is being presently worked out.

This webinar gathered about 40 participants and began with testimonies from Urby company (urban logistics system for optimizing deliveries) and the Megevand Frères transport company. After their experience in electrifying a few vehicles, both agreed that significant difficulties still exist. They observed that, in some cases, they needed to buy more vehicles when they were “green” because of their limited autonomy and their limited capacity. At the end, higher costs were generated for the company both for buying and operating the vehicles. Moreover, local authorities propose sparse infrastructures for speed charging on their territories, which make it hard to plan a charge within the schedule of a daily round. LML actors were also afraid that the distribution network, especially in winter might be unable to provide enough power, but DSOs are quite confident on that issue. Finally, environmental regulations preventing heavy trucks to enter the city center don’t take into consideration field reality, as the multiplication of light commercial vehicles (with small containers) for last-mile logistics would be unproductive and deleterious. In some cases (ex : delivery of a supermarket) heavy trucks are the best transport solution and already optimize the environmental impact whereas in other cases (small package delivery) light vehicles might be more adapted. And electric mobility, by the moment, is only suitable for light vehicles…Thus, a strong need for consultation between actors in the field was highlighted.

In a second phase, a participative time was organized on the online collaborative tool Klaxoon, in order to collect ideas from participants. At first, they expressed their vision of constraints to the development of electric mobility in urban areas:

  • Extra operating costs that will likely beg supported by final customer or companies;
  • Unsuitable equipment with insufficient vehicle carrying capacity and autonomy as well as not enough fast charging infrastructures on the territory;
  • Need to adapt the organization of delivery circuits according to the type of vehicle which is used (light commercial vehicle versus heavy trucks).

In response to these issues, participants also identified levers to develop electric mobility within urban areas:

  • Reduce operating costs with aids and adapted regulatory constraints;
  • Improve autonomy of electric vehicles and develop the network of charging facilities : in strategical areas for public high power stations and in company premises for night slow charging when the company has no time to charge during the daily round and do not need too much autonomy;
  • Reorganization and optimization of delivery plans, by distinguishing massified flows/distributed flows that could be carried out by light-duty vehicles and therefore provide them with electric means as well as not ban heavy vehicles from city centers (with a proper local regulation).

Third French Living Lab, 15.12.2020

Following the previous workshop on electric mobility focused on constraints and levers, this workshop aimed at proposing concrete actions. Three sub-groups were created to allow participants to discuss identified topics:

In order to distinguish traffic flows that must remain massive for greater efficiency from those that could be supported by electrified light-duty vehicles, some actions were proposed during the 1st sub-session on the reorganization and optimization of delivery plans:

  • Consultation between public and private actors for the implementation of urban travel plans in local authorities, by relying on the experience of economic players;
  • Mapping incoming and outgoing traffic flows;
  • Simulations and experiments to identify the optimal balance point between massification and distribution of traffic flows (calculation of the economic and environmental footprint);
  • Rationalize high-volume flows and develop new delivery solutions (deposits, relay points);
  • Adapt the urban infrastructure (hubs…).

In response to the direct and indirect costs generated by the shift of a fleet towards electric mobility and to prevent companies from getting into financial debt, participants to the 2nd session on reducing operating costs with aids and regulatory constraints proposed following solutions:

  • Accompany and advise companies in the steps towards electric mobility, help them in economic and logistic planification;
  • Study and propose solutions to solve problem of access to city center, on a larger scale than just the last-mile logistics by taking into account peri-urban and rural territories;
  • Implement public/private governance for the logistical and regulatory conception of freight transport, in order to adapt financial aids to the reality of requested investment.

Facing the lack of autonomy of the vehicles and need for more fast charging, participants to the 3rd session on how to improve autonomy of electric vehicles and develop the network of charging facilities imagined suggestions:

  • Avoid high autonomy and fast charging batteries whenever possible, since it decreases the lifetime of the battery
  • Consider charging by cateners on motorways for heavy trucks covering long-distance trips
  • Propose private charging station solutions for companies to allow slow night-time recharging.
  • Mesh territories with quick charging stations for vehicles who might need it, and choose the most strategical location to install them.

Finally, those workshops allowed actors to insist on their need of cooperation between private and public sectors and also on the necessity to keep having a multi-energy vision (electric mobility for msall vehicles, other solutions like NGV for heavy trucks…). In addition, those webinars have enabled participants to remind the importance to associate the production of renewable energy with the electricity consumption of future vehicles, to provide a well-balanced electricity supply.

Fourth French Living Lab, 22.04.2021

The workshop took place on April 22nd, 2021 and gathered 74 participants. It was organized by PVF and AURA-E, French partners of e-SMART, together with CEREMA (national study center on risks, environment and mobility) and Low Carbon Logistics (private consulting company), under the topic of "Sustainable logistics, tools and solutions to implement".

The first part of the meeting was dedicated to the introduction on e-SMART project and a presentation of the worldwide context by a research expert from University Gustave Eiffel.

The second part of the meeting was dedicated to testimonies both from private and public stakeholders. The METRO of Grenoble described their approach on sustainable logistics since 2015, ULS company presented an innovative delivery service in Strasbourg based on waterway transport and cargo-bikes. The last testimony was from the national federation of logistics transports in France.

The last part of the meeting was devoted to the presentation of the INTERLUD service. This mechanism is new in France and supports the implementation of sustainable charts for logistics, both for municipalities and private companies. The technical support which is offered is financed by Certificates of Energy Savings.

First Austrian Living Lab, 18.06.2020

The 1. Austrian Living Lab Stakeholder Workshop was held on the 18th of June 2020 via the online platform Webex. There were 19 participants/stakeholders in the field of public transport, local/regional energy provider, local and regional administrations, science and education, logistic operators and interest group.

After a short summary about the e-SMART project with its objectives, an energy-net simulation tool were presented by the subcontractor envelio of the Stadtwerke Klagenfurt AG. This tool showed how electrification can affect electricity networks in a defined pilot area in Klagenfurt. It can also be used and adopted for other areas. Stakeholders were very interested and it was a fruitful exchange and discussion. Then all stakeholders made statements to their expectations of the e-SMART project and the visions of their companies/organisations/administrations in the near future.

For more information please contact Nicole Jantschgi.

Second Austrian Living Lab, 03.02.2021

The 2nd Austrian Online-Regional Living Lab (RLL), hosted by the City of Klagenfurt, took place on February 3, 2021. The participants were regional stakeholders active in the fields of Local Public Transport and Last Mile Logistic.

The AIT Austrian Institute of Technology presented a market study on the use of e-vehicles in the logistic sector (LML). First, a market analysis of current and future possible electrified trucks (only battery operated) was presented. Later, an assessment was made as to how e-charging infrastructure of public transportation (LPT) can be used for daily delivery tours. The reported results are really promising! The manufacturers indicate respectable, usable ranges. Appropriate field tests are required to assess the feasibility and reliability of e-vehicles in the field. The time required for recharging the e-vehicles during delivery hours constitutes the main bottleneck for logistic operators.

First German Living Lab, 23.04.2020

Despite the COVID-19 restrictions, making physical meetings of larger groups impossible at the moment, the county of Munich decided to start the regional living lab with a first virtual meeting. The webinar, held on April 23rd, brought together the German partners, e-SMART observers and a few interested stakeholders.

Organized as a virtual meet and greet, the participants had a chance to get to know the organisations and actors they will work with in the upcoming months, within the German Regional Living Lab (RLL). The Regional Living Labs are work spaces, in which needs and demands for the integrated planning of e-mobility in local public transport and freight logistics will be elaborated and discussed.

In order to allow for a fruitful discussion in the next weeks and months, the participants divided themselves into two groups representing the foci of e-SMART: Local public transport and Last-mile logistics.

The presentation given during the webinar is available here (in German). Any questions may be sent to Sarah Zaiss of the county of Munich.

Any interested municipalities and stakeholders are welcome to join the upcoming meetings of the RLL.

Living Labs will also be organized within our Alpine countries, such as Austria, Slovenia, France and Italy. For more information on how to participate, contact Bruno Grandjean.

Second German Living Lab, 15.12.2020

The 2nd German Regional Living Lab took place as an online event on December 15, 2020. 23 stakeholders, project observers and project partners participated in the meeting. In the first part, Sarah Zaiss from the County of Munich updated the participants on the current development of the e-SMART project. Furthermore, the participants were asked to answer the following two survey questions:

1) In which area do you currently see the most need for action / opportunities for projects within the framework of e-SMART?
a. Electrification of last mile logistics (focus on regional transport) (2 votes)
b. Electrification of public transport (2 votes)
c. Digitization of cities and municipalities / smart city projects (0 votes)
d. Charging infrastructure (4 votes)
e. Cooperation between all sectors (3 votes)

2) How the e-SMART Regional Living Lab can best serve your needs?
a. Via a transnational network
b. Through a regular exchange of information (5 votes)
c. Via expert opinions and scientific analyses (4 votes)
d. About pilot projects / cooperation (5 votes)

The second part of the meeting started with an introduction of all participants. This was followed by an open exchange. Topics discussed included charging infrastrucutre (e.g. who is responsible for the installation, where are the best locations, how can infrastructure get connected), cross-company vehicle pools, energy-related issues (such as grid infrastructure, smart charging and the problem of expensive peak loads during daytime) as well as the the problem of knowledge gaps between experts and the public. Within the discussions, possible topics for the next Regional Living Labs were collected (including exchange between municipalities regarding charging stations, the connection of charging infrastructure, the sort and rank of charging solutions and the managing of expensive daytime peak loads).

First and second Slovenian Living Lab

First Regional Living Lab

Representatives from ACS and BSC Kranj, Slovenian project partners of eSMART project, organized the 1st meeting of RLL stakeholders in Slovenia. The meeting was held on June 18th 2020 in the offices of the Ministry of Infrastructure of Slovenia. The first RRL meeting of Slovenian stakeholders was organized for the representatives of public authorities (sectors for Sustainable mobility, Road mobility, Energetics and Public transport).

The meeting that lasted one and a half hours. Mrs. Blanka Odlazek from BSC Kranj made the overall presentation of the project eSMART, project objectives, project outputs and involved international project partners. After the presentation of the project we established a methodology how to involve the representatives of the Ministries as stakeholders in the RLL.

After the presentation a lively discussion opened among participants about the project objectives and project outputs and especially about the role the representatives of the Ministries can have in the project as stakeholders.

Participants concluded the meeting with mapping of representatives responsible for participation in RLL activities and information that our next action will be interview based on the questioner.

Second Regional Living Lab

The second Slovenian RLL meeting was held on July 23th 2020. The meeting was, due to Covid-19 restrictions held online as a web conference and was organized by ACS and BSC Kranj, project partners of e-SMART. The second RRL meeting of Slovenian stakeholders was organized for the representatives of public authorities from local, regional and national level and stakeholders from the sectors of Energetics, LML, LPT, Representative organizations, Start-ups, Infrastructure operators, Higher education and Research and Business. All together we invited more than 70 stakeholders from which 11 participated the online meeting.

The meeting lasted one hour and 15 minutes. Our observer Mr. Jurij Curk from Elektro Ljubljana made the presentation of current state of mobility and the demand for cleaner and sustainable mobility in Slovenia. After this, together with Mrs. Blanka Odlazek they presented the project e-SMART, project objectives, project outputs and involved international project partners. In the last part of the presentation we presented the methodology, expectations and benefits for the stakeholders and their participation in the RLL.

After the presentation we opened a discussion with the participants. They posed questions, such as: “What are the tools that will be developed? What kind of information will be collected and how will we collect them? How will the stakeholders of RLL access this data and who will be allowed the access to use hem? How can we connect different EU projects on the similar topic and share data among project partners?”

The participants concluded the meeting with mapping of representatives responsible for participation in RLL activities and information that our next action will be interviews based on the questioner which will be prepared in the e-SMART partnership.

Third Slovenian Living Lab, 23.03.2021

The third Slovenian RLL meeting was held on the 23rd of March 2021. The meeting was, due to Covid-19 restrictions held online as a web conference and was organized by ACS.

The meeting was organized for the representatives of public authorities from local, regional and national level and stakeholders from the sectors of energetics, LML, LPT, representative organizations, start-ups, infrastructure operators, higher education and research and business. All together we invited more than 70 stakeholders from which 40 registered for the event and 35 participated in the meeting.

The meeting lasted one hour and 45 minutes.

Mrs. Branka Leskovšek from Post of Slovenia presented current projects in e-mobility that are underway at the Post of Slovenia. She has also exposed the biggest problem, which is also the biggest driver of change, local legislature. Electrification of postal fleet was driven by decision of municipality of Maribor, to ban ICE delivery trucks in city center during certain hours.

Mr. Rok Vihar from LPP (Ljubljanski potniški promet – Ljubljana public transport) talked about the process of electrification of busses in Ljubljana, their problems (funding and a fire that destroyed two buses and charging point). He has also presented their good practice in smaller mobility solutions, providing mobility on demand. Interesting take was that LPP is looking into multi fuel future, which encompasses methane, hydrogen fuel cell technology and BEV as well.

Mr. Matej Gojčič of RRA LUR (Regional research agency of Ljubljana urban region) presented on challenges of connected mobility. The biggest problem he exposed was disconnection between mobility services and not disconnection between data platforms. He has also presented their work on Interreg Linking Danube project, which is meant to connect different public transport providers in Danube region of Europe.