Green infrastructure for better living

The ten LOS_DAMA! partners teamed up to deal with specific peri-urban green infrastructure issues. The project setting provided the opportunity
for experiments in innovative governance and planning to enhance negotiation, mediation, and action among stakeholders. This variety of scales and levels helped LOS_DAMA! to build a comprehensive set of approaches for policy makers and practitioners. Below you can find an insight on five of our main challenges ans solutions approaches during the project implementation.

How to enable shared use and synergies

Landscapes in peri-urban areas intrinsically host diverse land uses: settlements, infrastructure and recreational facilities as well as agriculture and forestry. The main concern is to find ways to enable multiple uses of land and to support coexistence and synergies between various functions
combined in one area, or different users using the same GI facilities.

Ljubljana – bottom up plus top down approach

The Ljubljana Marsh Nature Park in Slovenia is designated as a nature protection area. Keeping in mind the duality between the ecosystem’s
vulnerability and its attractiveness for visitors, development of green infrastructure in the area should be tackled with great care. Started from a bottom-up perspective by looking at the two most visited locations we conducted behavioral mapping, a workshop and a joint event. These activities brought interesting insights in what attracts visitors and what bothers them. Simultaneously, a top down view was prepared: a GI concept for the whole area. This concept plans a GI network for recreational use, while at the same time aims to achieve the nature conservation goals in order to preserve the ecological value and other land use characteristics.

How to adapt regional and urban planning

Most cities already have a strategic concept that recognizes the added value and promotes the development of connected green and open spaces. Including the Green Infrastructure concept in common planning processes may, however, result in a more holistic approach.

Piedmont Region – developing a model for a planning process

The Piedmont Region aimed to include the concept of Green Infrastructure in the ongoing planning process. First, we evaluated the vulnerabilities of
the metropolitan area of Turin and the potential benefits of GI to counteract these vulnerabilities. Based on this assessment, we developed solutions
that can be applied to certain spatial situations. The result of our work is a planning document, that consists of a conceptual map and a textual part.
It gives suggestions how to govern the current spatial structure, for example, during the planning of settlements authorities and planners consider
how to integrate nature-based solutions.

Vienna – implementing a real-world project

The City of Vienna (VIE) and the city community of Gerasdorf jointly developed and implemented the regional park “DreiAnger” and thus established a new planning procedure that goes beyond previous cooperation approaches. As a first step, a landscape planning office analyzed the landscape between Vienna and Gerasdorf, including the strengths and weaknesses of the current, mostly agricultural, land use. Important stakeholders as well as citizens from Vienna and Gerasdorf were invited to develop scenarios in a two-day ideas workshop and a green space conference. The results of the landscape plan and the participatory green space conference were taken as the basis for developing an action plan that would set out further steps for the implementation of the regional park.

How to involve various stakeholders

Stakeholders are the key to successfully implementing a project. During LOS_DAMA! two stakeholder groups seemed especially important
across all project partners: non-organized groups such as citizens using peri-urban landscapes for recreation and political representatives or decisionmakers.

Salzburg – governmental and non-governmental stakeholders

Initiated by the Salzburg Institute for Regional Development and Housing (SIR), the pilot project “Ecopool Salzburg“ aims to facilitate regional compensation measures in the green belt and other green areas around the City of Salzburg. The core group - governmental stakeholders - were involved because they are decision makers, key stakeholders and/or own planning sovereignty. The cautious start with many individual talks and discussions proved to be essential for building trust and gain acceptance. The second stakeholder group are private property owners of the
potential compensation areas. We mainly focused on the farmers and local farmers’ representatives from the communities. Editing our activities and their advantages for regional development in a way that is easy to understand for laymen is essential.

Trento – focus on neighborhood councils

The City of Trento chose participatory approach to raise awareness for peri-urban landscapes among citizens and to initiate commitment towards
recreational facilities by using their insiderknowledge. The neighbourhood councils were one of the most important stakeholders of the pilot
project. With regard to the neighbourhood councils, the most challenging issue was to relate their involvement to long-term strategic projects.
To tackle this challenge we tried to break down our activities to the local level to show the added benefits for the neighbourhood. We discussed our intermediate results frequently with the neighbourhood councils to get as much feedback as possible during the process and thus create  commitment and a common mind-set.

How to raise awareness

Raising awareness for the value of our landscapes is an imporant precondition for the enhancement of green infrastructure. A successful approach has to take all relevant groups into account and know about their specific stakes, motivations and the context they are acting in.

Grenoble – innovative formats depending on the addressee

In the metropolitan region of Grenoble-Alpes Métropole (GAM) tried to address the high multifunctionality of uses in peri-urban landscapes with two different target groups: local citizens using the landscapes for recreation, and practitioners as well as decision-makers planning these landscapes.
We launched a scavenger hunt to create more tolerance among citizens for different demands, functions and uses within the natural areas. Games,
riddles and costumed actors addressed different points of view. To reach practitioners and decisionmakers, we launched four masterclasses on different topics. We learned that addressing multifunctionality by using concrete real-world examples greatly helped in creating a common understanding and reducing implementation difficulties.

How to raise intermunicipal cooperation

The development of connected green areas in city regions requires inter-municipal cooperation. In the Alpine Space local planning sovereignty is
strong and deeply rooted in government systems. Hence, tailored forms of informal cooperation are necessary for joint efforts and shared solutions.

Munich – creating commitment through a regional conference

The “Dachauer Moos” is a landscape with remaining patches of moor and high biodiversity. Yet nowadays, agriculture prevails. The aim of the City of Munich (MUC) was to raise awareness for the assets of the area, revive political commitment and boost inter-municipal collaboration. In October 2018, the Landscape Development Conference “Let’s do MOOR” gathered key stakeholders from different sectors and political representatives from local to federal state (Land) level. The conference set-up was rather unconventional with the first part giving the floor to local citizens such as farmers, voluntary conservationists and hiking guides. This was especially appreciated by the political participants, A “Market of Possibilities” in the
afternoon invited external contributors to present possible intermunicipal cooperation. The event created a momentum and worked as a catalyst for
further activities.