MELINDA’s COVID19 GREEN PAPER
(New Scenario and Challenges)
MELINDA consortium recognized that Covid19 brought new challenges, as well as new opportunities, related to mobility, mobility business models and future mobility policies. To face a new situation, MELINDA’s Green paper was prepared.
1.Impact of Covid19 on mobility
Beside many issues highlighted by pandemic, the one related to mobility limitation, has shown, how crucial is mobility for our lives.
- Daily use of mobility: mobility is a tool to reach opportunities, maybe not present in the area surrounding our residential context (work, shops, …) and for those who lack options of private mobility, a safe public transportation system is of vital importance.
- Occasional, tourist mobility: mobility is also the backbone of tourist systems, allowing incoming and local tourism flows, making it possible to open territories to the national, EU (and global) markets.
2. Positive Environmental impact
3. Lessons learnt
From this experience we certainly learnt at least two things:
- The relevance of mobility in our lives, to guarantee our relations and accessibility to opportunities
- The relevance of including hygiene and safety aspects within the overall Sustainable Mobility concept.
4. Actual new risks
World Public Authorities, State and Local Governments, Transport providers, think tanks, Research institutions concurred to the broad discussion on: “how to guarantee safe and sustainable mobility?”
The risk of returning to higher numbers in car use is real. A recent survey of Chinese citizens (run by IPSOS) describes a modal shift in car use from third to first place. This trend must be avoided to ensure a prosperous future.
5. The need to reshape mobility choices and life rhythms
EU Interventions, as can be seen from the ELTIS Urban Mobility Observatory, have been addressed to guarantee the overall Mobility System’s viability, working both on “soft” (regarding behaviours and habits) and “hard” (regarding physical dimension) solutions:
- To protect both staff and users. Safety on both Public Transport means and Mobility Spaces (like stations, airports, waiting rooms, etc…), thanks to distancing norms (reducing occupancy rates, regulation boarding,…); disinfection procedures; service management in terms of frequency and schedules, e-ticketing.
- To Inform Safety of behaviours, through awareness raising and information campaigns on how to correctly behave in public and during mobility. Introduction of e-tools for mobility planning and information.
- To guarantee sustainability. Empowerment of active mobility through incentives to purchase of soft mobility tools (bicycles, scooters, …); Solutions to reduce unnecessary trips (smart working, digitalization of services…).
- To reshape public space. Reshape of mobility infrastructures and public areas in cities, reducing spaces for cars and increasing cycling and walking facilities and paths, to improve healthy mobility solutions.
- To better plan mobility. Re-discovering of the centrality of mobility management practices, crucial to coordinate interventions between local actors at territorial level as described by EPOOM experiences, to harmonize mobility rhythms with social and economic activities.
The role of local bodies is pivotal in implementing these changes, and as well the sharing of solutions and experiences between cities, regions, and countries, that means between different mobility cultures as well, that can be facilitated by the European Community Framework.
We must find the local recipe to address this challenge, to be able to answer collectively and creatively to the question: “HOW TO GUARANTEE A SAFE AND SUSTAINABLE MOBILITY FOR NOW AND FOR OUR FUTURE?”