Catalogue of publications

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THE4BEES' exploitation plan : Measures for sustainability of results after projects conclusion

According to the European Commission, the term “Exploitation”1 refers to “the utilisation of projectsʼ results in further research activities other than those covered by the action concerned, or in developing, creating and marketing a product or process, or in creating and providing a service, or in standardisation activities”. 

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The Exploitation Plan of THE4BEES has been designed in such a way so as to allow the exploitation of the tangible and intangible results of the project, optimize their value, enhance their impact and facilitate their integration at multiple levels. The Plan thus pays particular attention to the sustainability of the results and the enhancement of their impacts on regional level through direct involvement of local and regional policy makers, stakeholders and enterprises – mainly SMEs.

Improvement of existing low carbon and spatial development policies on the basis of outcome of co-creation labs and pilots

Work package 5 “Evaluation of results and improvement of policies” has the objectives to assess the results of previous WPTs, exploit them for policy making purposes and capitalize them in possible up-takes.
Policy making/improvement, coherently with the general approach of THE4BEES project and its involvements methods, has been intended as a participatory process. Policy-makers and stakeholders participated in the co-creation activity of some CCLabs and other have been addressed by communication and awareness rising activities. THE4BEES involved and took into consideration requirements of all level of policy making through project partners and observers at national, regional and local level.

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The present report is the result of activity 5.2 implementation and also reflects the evaluation exercise carried out as activity 5.1.

Report on result analysis (Evaluation of results by means of reports from the CCLabs and the dashboard)

In the activity 5.1 “Evaluation of results by means of reports from the CCLabs and the dashboard” Partners have examined outcomes from the CCLabs and Trials by means of the dashboard, the database of results and the knowledge management tool (WPTM). The results of the analysis is described in this report.

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This activity has had the objectives to assess the results of the CCLabs and exploit them both for policy making and to capitalize on possible market up-take.  In particular policy making and/or improvement, coherently with the general approach of THE4BEES, has been a participatory activity. The trial results and data, presented to the policy-makers and energy managers thanks to the dashboard, have provided essential and field information for effective policies. Policy-makers will draft/improve policies as result of the co-creation activity and CCLabs, during which target groups have also been called to express policy needs. THE4BEES has involved and taken into consideration requirements of all level of policy makers through PPs and Observers: national, regional and local

Models and Recommendations for improvement of policies

The policy recommendations dossier (D.T5.2) is one of the main deliverables of the THE4BEES Project. Together with the report summarizing the evaluation of results of the CCLabs (D.T5.1) it represents the most complete overview on the activities carried out within the project, the achieved results, the expected impacts, the gained knowledge and the recommendation for the next future. While the report from the pilot activities is more focused (even if not exclusively) on the concrete activities and the quantitative results, the policy recommendation dossier deals more with the production and the exchange of knowledge. However, the knowledge produced and exchanged during the project’s life and, above all, its strategic use for the future (the so-called policy recommendations) is, in many cases, strictly connected to the activities developed within the project.

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This is the reason why, in this document, the “policy recommendations” are preceded by the “lessons learned”: even if we distinguish between “lesson learned”, that lead to a more operational recommendations, and some more strategic “policy recommendations”, the two concepts were included in the same conclusion chapter since there are several overlapping aspects between them. At any rate, the policy recommendations and the report summarizing the evaluation results of the pilot projects (CCLabs) can be seen as two complementary documents.

Findings and recommendations from the trial phase

The purpose of this report is to synthesize individual conclusions specific to each pilot from their trial phase. These findings and recommendations are based on the work of each project partners and more specifically on the "Report on validation and validated data" (D.T4.3.1.) which describes the dates collected by each of them.

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It is important to note that the conclusions and findings extracted from this report relate only to trial phase data. Analysis of the participants' behavior and the results of the trial phase will be detailed in the "Report on results analysis (D.T5.1.1.)."

Knowledge base on efficient behaviours

Within this report the theoretical background of behavioural change and different types of interventions to increase energy efficiency and hence lower carbon emission are introduced.

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The results are summarized in recommendations for ICT development. In addition, the focus is on the four main target groups (students, private households, workers and tourists) and seven pilots, which are described and linked to the knowledge base. Households often are willing to behave in an energy efficient way, but concrete actions are not taken to the greatest extent possible. For organisations, often a "strategic" decision has to be made by decisions-makers. In the end it is the behaviour of students, workers, tourists and residents that will create the impact.

Improving building energy efficiency through user behavior change driven by co-created ICT interface

The consumption of buildings is strongly influenced by the behavior of its occupants. Therefore, it is important to make users aware of their consumption and help them reduce it. The designed method gives an important role to the user, while increasing use and acceptance, which is sometimes difficult to achieve with fully automatic solutions.

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To achieve this, a user-building interface (ICT application on a tablet) was developed. This tool provides occupants of two monitored offices with information on their electricity and heating consumption, comfort indicators (temperature and air quality), light control and hints & tips on how to improve their behavior. The implemented architecture system is multiprotocol in order to communicate with sensors and actuators of any type and any manufacturer. A 32 weeks measurement campaign has led to a significant reduction in the electrical consumption of lights and electrical appliances. Air quality in the working environment was also improved thanks to the user interface. This research highlighted that including occupants early in the design process of a user-building interface that meet their expectations is a good way to inform them and make them realize the impact of their behavior on the energy consumption.

* This publication was presented during the Status Seminar in Zurich

Development of a dashboard for evaluators and high level users

Within the scope of the THE4BEES project, a dashboard to monitor and compare sensor measurements enables the project partners to visualize data they collected.

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Our project builds on the hypothesis: Energy is consumed by people rather than by buildings.  Thus, THE4BEES focuses on the behavioural changes of users in public buildings, and there are numerous challenges we are facing: how to encourage behavioural changes for energy efficiency, how to monitor energy consumption trends and savings, how to make ICT an effective tool for achieving significant energy savings, and how to design innovative ICT tools to engage and motivate energy-conscious behaviour.

Development of IT Tools to Support Virtuous Behaviours - Joint development of user-centric storytelling flagship apps based on a platform that integrates identified spatio-temporal resources

The aim of a geo-temporal aware storytelling platform is to bring all the different parts together – such as created maps, websites, online dashboards, photos and other project results –in a meaningful and visually appealing way.

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Storytelling maps are modern means for communicating specific topics combining different types of multimedia content (e.g. maps, text, websites, videos, photos, etc.). Due to the rather non-professional users (regarding the development of own story maps), it is important to provide a tool for creating storytelling maps in an easy and intuitive way. Thus, we use ESRI Story Maps to provide different guided storytelling templates and apps that can be filled by the users easily. 

Overview and analysis of relevant projects and apps linked to THE4BEES

The project THE4BEES aims at reducing GHG emissions and energy consumption in buildings through more efficient behaviours, thanks to innovative awareness raising actions and through the support of ICT tools jointly designed by users, decision makers and actors of innovation.


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THE4BEES builds on the hypothesis: Energy is consumed by people rather than by buildings. Although most of the strategies to achieve energy efficiency in buildings focus on technical mitigation measures to reach the ambitious goals on Low Carbon set by EU and Alpine Strategy (AS), both structural and soft approaches shall be considered in a complementary way across the AS area. THE4BEES focuses on the behavioural changes of users in public and private buildings needed to achieve reduction of energy consumption.

Awareness is the basis of behaviour change and awareness raising is the core of the overall project concept. This work package has the objective to consolidate and grow knowledge on the relationships among behavioural changes, energy efficiency, carbon emissions and the benefit of ICT, consistently with art.12 of the Energy Efficiency Directive.

Within this report past and running projects whose results can be capitalized by THE4BEES are presented and analysed. This inventory includes projects from national and EU programmes and local initiatives. As the focus of THE4BEES project is on ICT tools, not only relevant projects were identified but also apps that could serve as basis or useful example for our works. The results will be discussed among project partners and in the CCLabs, to develop effective methods and tools to reach a large number of energy users and maximize the impact.

In order to gather valuable information on EU and national level about relevant projects on behaviour and energy issues, a template was prepared and distributed among all partners within the project team (figure 1). Every partner made a research on possibly relevant projects so that we now have a database of interesting projects about the topics of THE4BEES project.

Methodological framework for CCLabs

THE4BEES project builds on the hypothesis: Energy is consumed by people rather than by buildings. To approach this hypothesis, the project focuses on behavioural change of users in public buildings. It is based on an inclusive collaborative approach traditionally addressed as open innovation. More specifically it introduces Co-creation labs, a form of labs evolving from the Living Labs methodology.


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In the existing literature the therm Co-creation lab is not yet in place as a specific method. Instead there exist vast theory on living labs and co-creation techniques, but not on “Co-creation labs”. Co-creation labs term, is usually used as an adjective to the specific open innovation place, usually run by a specific institution - for example “BMW Group Co-Creation Lab”. Within THE4BEES project the “co-creation labs” term is used as a place, where co-creation is implemented. Co-creation follows general method (PLEASS method) and is more specified in each region’s CCLab plans – served as an action plans. Co-creation labs should therefore be understood as an open-innovation arena, where inclusive activities from all technical work packages will take place. 

Co-creation labs (CCLabs) are established in each of 7 pilot regions:

  • Piedmont, Alpine Huts and Lodges in Susa/Chisone Valleys, Managers/Tourists/Students
  • Lombardy, Social Houses in Sondrio, Tenants/Building Managers
  • Rhone-Alpes, High Schools, Teachers/Students
  • Salzburg, High Schools, Teachers/Students
  • Savinjska, Saleska and Koroska, High School in Velenje, Teachers/Students
  • Fribourg, BlueFactory Co-working space, startuppers/researchers
  • Baden-Wuerttemberg, Factories in BWCON cluster, Managers/Employees.


CCLabs should be understood as an organizational form using the same principles and building upon the same methodological guidelines, but they differ one from another due to the different content and stakeholder reality, as well as the different groups they are addressing.

The proposed methodological guidelines helps the CCLabs to prepare their individual Action plan (CCLabs Plan D.3.1.2), where each co-creation reality is addressed more specifically. The Action plans serves as roadmaps for working with target groups and achieve project results.